The Degel, "standard," was the large field sign which belonged to each division of three tribes, and was also the banner of the tribe at the head of that division. Manners and Customs of the Bible: By James M. Freeman: Companion Bible: By E.W.Bullinger. The four great signs which thus marked the four sides of the camp, and the four quarters of the Zodiac.
Numbers (B'midbar) - 2:1 And the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 2:2 "Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father's house: far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch.
10a: On the South side shall be the standard (degel) of the the camp of Reuben according to their armies:
12a: "And those that pitch by him shall be the tribe of Simeon": 14a:"Then the tribe of Gad" 17a: Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall set forward with the camp of the Levites in the midst of the camp: 18a: On the West side shall be the standard (degel) of the camp of Ephraim according to their armies:
20a: "And by him shall be the tribe of Manasseh":
22a: "Then the tribe of Benjamin":25a: The standard (degel) of the camp of Dan shall be on the North side by their armies:
27a: "And those encamp by him shall be the tribe of of Asher":
29a: "Then the tribe of Naphtali":
2: 3a: And on the East side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard (degel) of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies: 5a: And those that do pitch next unto him shall be the tribe of Isscahar:
7a: "Then the tribe of Zebulum":